Below are step-by-step instructions for installing paving stones. These instructions are not comprehensive, so please consult your distributor, retailer, nursery or contractor for complete excavating, base preparation, and installation directions to meet your specific requirements. Remember to use all safety equipment required.
Step 1. Excavation and Base Installation
Excavate unsuitable, unstable or unconsolidated subgrade material and compact the area which has been cleared. Backfill and level with dense graded aggregate suitable for base material (typically four (4) to six (6) inches of compacted base for light vehicular and pedestrian traffic) or as otherwise directed by Site Engineer/Architect/Landscape Architect. Edge restraints may be installed prior to or after the installation of the paving field. Concrete or plastic edging may be used.
Note: Install base aggregate in maximum three (3) inch lifts.
Step 2. Sand Bed Preparation
Step 3. Laying Stones
Install pavers with joints of maximum 1⁄16“ (3mm). See my previous post on Creating Bands & Borders with Paving Stones to get ideas before laying out your stones.
Step 4. Cutting Stones
Step 5. Compaction
Step 6. Spread Sand
Step 7. Compaction