Paving Stones Installation Guide

by Pavestone on January 25, 2010

Below are step-by-step instructions for installing paving stones. These instructions are not comprehensive, so please consult your distributor, retailer, nursery or contractor for complete excavating, base preparation, and installation directions to meet your specific requirements. Remember to use all safety equipment required.

Step 1. Excavation and Base Installation

step-1-paver-installation Excavate unsuitable, unstable or unconsolidated subgrade material and compact the area which has been cleared. Backfill and level with dense graded aggregate suitable for base material (typically four (4) to six (6) inches of compacted base for light vehicular and pedestrian traffic) or as otherwise directed by Site Engineer/Architect/Landscape Architect. Edge restraints may be installed prior to or after the installation of the paving field. Concrete or plastic edging may be used.

Note: Install base aggregate in maximum three (3) inch lifts.

Step 2. Sand Bed Preparation

step-2-paver-installation Place bedding of coarse washed sand conforming to the grading requirements of ASTM C-33 to a maximum uniform depth of 1″ – 1½” (25-38mm) screened to the grade and profile required.

Step 3. Laying Stones

step-3-paver-installation Install pavers with joints of maximum 116“  (3mm). See my previous post on Creating Bands & Borders with Paving Stones to get ideas before laying out your stones.

Step 4. Cutting Stones

step-4-paver-installation Where required, cut pavers with an approved cutting device to fit accurately, neatly and without damaged edges.

Step 5. Compaction

step-5-paver-installation Tamp pavers with a plate compactor, uniformly level, true to grade and free of movement. Do not over compact.

Step 6. Spread Sand

step-6-paver-installation Spread sand with push broom to 18” thickness over entire paving area. Allow sand to dry completely.

Step 7. Compaction

step-7-paver-installation-copy Make one more pass with plate compactor to fill joints with sand.

Related posts:

  1. Improving Landscape Design by Creating Bands & Borders with Paving Stones
  2. Retaining Wall Weekend Project
  3. Pavers – Frequently Asked Questions – Part 1
  4. Project of the Month: Spotlight On Permeable Paving
  5. New Orleans Beautification Project – Pave Stones & Retaining Walls by Pavestone

{ 2 comments… read them below or add one }

Lawerence Oatis Sr April 10, 2011 at 11:30 am

please inform where i can purchase materials for retainer wall

Pavestone April 13, 2011 at 2:20 pm

Hi Lawrence! You can find Pavestone products at Home Depot, WalMart, and a variety of authorized distributors. Check our website:

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